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Rehabilitation in Latin America: Could innovation be fostered in precarious conditions?

En: Advancing Corrections Journal

Resumen: In Latin America, the prison crisis is evident. In most countries, criminal population has increased significantly in recent years, mainly due to augmented use of pre-trial detention and tougher punishment for drug related and property crimes. As a consequence, overcrowding, violence, human rights abuses and limited access to health and education services are elements that describe prison systems. Despite these problems, various initiatives have been implemented in search for rehabilitation but lack of adequate infrastructure as well as properly equipped and trained personnel are structural problems that limit positive results. This paper discusses the limitations that Latin American prison system faces in order to developed sound rehabilitation programs that would ensure long term financial and political support. Also highlights the need for evaluation of effectiveness and efficiency of most initiatives overcoming the gap of knowledge that nowadays describe the area of rehabilitation in the region.

Fecha: 2017

Autor: Lucia Dammert

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Prison System in Latin America

En: USACH – ICPALA

Resumen: In spite of attempts to make prison a place where criminals have the chance of being rehabilitated, it is still predominantly a place for confinement. Efforts to improve conditions for inmates include providing opportunities for study, education, and religious practice. However, the imposition of rules, regulations, and punishments remains the most important element, which creates unfavorable conditions for the development of rehabilitation programs. Thus the most evident and common problems are still overcrowding, the number of inmates that have not been sentenced, and the lack of commitment to human rights.

Fecha: 2015

Autor: Lucía Dammert

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Drugs and the Prison Crisis in Peru

En: Rosen, J. D. & Brienen, M. W. (Eds.). (2015). Prisons in the Americas in the Twenty First Century. Lexington.

Resumen: the relationship between organized crime, drug trafficking and prisons in Peru are key issues that should be researched in order to allow for better and more innovative policies. Lack of information an transparency with regards to criminal issues becomes a barrier to identifying not only the drug problem and general presence of organized criminal activities in the country but also hinders the development of solutions. Nevertheless, based on the information that is available, the present chapter is organized around four sections. The first section of the chapter analyzes the problem of crime as well as impunity by examining both official and secondary information that confirms that violence is increasing in the country and drug trafficking is playing a role in this process. The second section analyzes the Peruvian drug market, which is characterized not only in terms of its global role but also by the increasing consolidation of its internal market. The third section focuses on the Peruvian prison system, with an emphasis on the population charged with drug offenses. Finally, the conclusions focus on potential innovations in the arena of public policy that could help address the aforementioned problems.

Fecha: 2015

Autor: Lucía Dammert & Manuel Dammert-Guardia

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Sistemas carcelarios en América Latina: avances y desafíos

En: USACH – ICPALA

Resumen: A pesar de los intentos de hacer de la cárcel un lugar donde los delincuentes tengan la posibilidad de rehabilitarse, sigue siendo preferentemente un lugar de aislamiento. Los esfuerzos por mejorar las condiciones de los internos incluyen la provisión de oportunidades de estudios, educación y práctica religiosa. No obstante, la imposición de reglas, normas y castigos sigue siendo la parte más importante, quedando los programas de rehabilitación en condiciones desfavorables para ser desarrollados. Es así como los problemas más evidentes y comunes siguen siendo la sobrepoblación, la cantidad de reclusos sin condena y la falta compromiso con los derechos humanos.

Fecha: 2015

Autor: Lucía Dammert

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